Cinema Caters Citizens

While crossing the road on the countryside observed the wrinkles of on old lady  carrying loads of woods on her shoulder supporting it with a hand which is all wounded and burned under the fire of earthen stove, I have never observed these tiny details of a lady before watching a movie which is centered on the lives of villagers who suffered from the apprehension of the society all the time. The beauty of a rising sun never felt the same after watching it closely in a movie which talks about the importance of light in our life. The romance under the open sky filled with shiny twinkling stars with the one whom we love felt more delightful after descry of the actors on the silver screen making us all weeping while their departure. This is what cinema does to us. They create the impact of life so lively that we start to observe, feel, act according to the scene stuck in our head. The film has a uniquely powerful ubiquity within human culture. Cinema has become a powerful vehicle for culture, education, leisure, and propaganda.  As once Prime Minister Nehru in his speech included that, "... the influence in India of films is greater than newspapers and books combined.” We can see since that it has proved to be so true that it is one of the most important tools to bring change in the society and helps in building the economy of a country as well.

Cinema not only helps in making an opinion or opening the mind of an individual it also helps in relaxing the one from the monotonous life we all live today. The life which is filled with anxiety, overburdens, failure, jealousy and what not. So, films help in entertaining us, relaxing the crowd. The collective experience of film as art renders it a wholly distinct leisure activity. The unique properties of attending the cinema can have decisively positive effects on mental health. Cinema attendance can have independent and robust effects on mental wellbeing because visual stimulation can queue a range of emotions and the collective experience of these emotions through the cinema provides a safe environment in which to experience roles and emotions we might not otherwise be free to experience. The collective nature of the narrative and visual stimulation makes the experience enjoyable and controlled, thereby offering benefits beyond mere visual stimulation. Attending the cinema allows for the exercise of personal preferences and the human need for distinction. So, cinema attendance can be both a personally expressive experience, good fun, and therapeutic at the same time.

Dared to Break Stereotype

In a country like India with various mindset, culture, taboo and dominance temperament from the bygone needs a stronghold impactful medium to break the year-old stereotype of the citizens. In our society, there are many practices and traditions which are based on ignorance and which have withheld the progress of our society. The rigidity of the caste system, untouchability, dowry system, and veil system have done enormous harm to our society. Cinema can do a lot to eradicate these evils and to a best of it has already helped in some major parts as well.  They were used for promoting national integration, prohibition, intercaste marriages, family planning, eradication of illiteracy, etc. Such themes have helped in the transformation of our society. The cinema can be used as an instrument to help people get rid of obscurantism and also to guide them along the right path. Not only this, several much needed social reforms were introduced and brought about with the help of the cinema. The cinema exercises a great influence on the mind of the people. It has a great educative value. It can achieve splendid results in the field of expansion of education. There are certain subjects, such as science and geography, which can be more effectively taught with the help of talkies. Lessons on road sense, rules of hygiene and civic sense can be taught to the students and the public as well in a very effective manner with the help of cinema pictures. Many successful experiments have been made in various countries on the utility of films as a means of education. Feature films have been produced for school and college students and students are being benefited by them. For instance, Acchoot Knaya, this 1936 film deals with the social position of Dalit girls and is considered a reformist period-piece. The story portrays a love story of a Brahmin Boy and a Harijan (Untouchable) girl. At the time when people were discriminated on the basis of their caste, this movie sets a good example of how every human being is equal and love knows no boundaries. Pakkeza, The movie focuses on prostitution as a career and changed the way people looked at the profession. It tried to show the inside world of sex workers and their lives and tragedies in a different era from today when they were looked at very differently. Featuring the legendary tragedy actress Meena Kumari, the film has attained a sort of cult status due to its amazing direction, haunting dialogues, outstanding performances, and soul-stirring music. Some other movies like Swades, Three Idiots, Dor, Border, Prem Rog, Oh my God, Udaan, Black Friday have left an enormous impact on all of us. From breaking the stereotype of being a bookworm to the feminist attitude we need in the age of nuclear science is the most important requirement now.  Vicky Donor touched upon a less talked about the topic of sperm donation. The film is a romantic comedy based on the backdrop of this sensitive subject and its implications. The story revolves around Vicky’s(Ayushmann Khurrana) life and how his life takes interesting twists and turns when a fertility expert persuades him to donate sperms. John Abraham, producer of the film wanted to shed light on a serious issue still considered “taboo” in Indian society. Shoojit Sircar, director of the film researched about the subject for three years to avoid any possibility of going wrong with this taboo attached to infertility and artificial insemination. 

Source of Relaxation

People have different opinion related to movies, for some great movie is The Prestige whereas for the other great movie is La La Land. So, it varies from person to person. To make a great movie it requires a great team it is not done individually.  Movies are collaborative, and to make a great movie you have to begin with the story and writing, but then when the director takes over and brings his mindset- casting the actors, and building that team? It’s that which makes the movie. No single person makes a movie, it’s a collaborative event. As an aside, it’s obvious that not all movies are successful. Some movies are just not that good… that happens right? Nobody goes out to make a bad movie, nobody starts that way! Who is going to invest in a movie that they don’t think will work? Everything starts out the same, and it starts to break-down at some point and maybe the result doesn’t turn out the way you wanted… It happens a lot. You can find so many people who are incredibly talented and creative who have gone on to have great careers, that started off with movies which didn’t work. Look at Jack Nicholson’s early work with Roger Corman for example, where he played a monster! All the crafts in the movie business are learned on the job, they are not ‘schooled crafts’ and often you have to fail to succeed. 

Supremacy of Art Cinema

Indian art cinema has also played a very important role apart from commercial cinema. When the new wave emerged in the country know as the age of "Parallel Cinema," it had created its own group of people considered themselves as the intellectual class. Galvanized by the ‘Italian Neorealism’, the dawn broke for this style of the cinema during the first half of 20th century. Evidently dominated by Bengali cinema, the earliest examples of ‘Realism’ reflected in the films of eminent personalities like Satyajit Ray, Bimal Roy, Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Ritwik Ghatak, Tapan Sinha, Mrinal Sen, Guru Dutt, and V. Shantaram. The best known New Cinema directors were Bimal Roy, Ritwik Ghatak, and Satyajit Ray. The best-known films of this genre are the Apu Trilogy (Bengali) by Satyajit Ray and Do Bigha Zameen (Hindi) by Bimal Roy. Satyajit Ray was the most flourishing of the "art cinema" directors. His films played primarily to art-house audiences in the larger Indian cities, or to film buffs on the international circuit. By the early 1990s, the spiraling costs of film production and the commercialization had an adverse effect on art films. Further, Parallel Cinema was marginalized by underworld financing to mainstream movies, political and economic turmoil due to liberalization, the rising influence of television and piracy. Soon, it was confined to distinguished performances, critical appraisals, studies and textbooks of the art of filmmaking. However, since 2000, new age Indian directors like Anurag Kashyap and Dibakar Banerjee have created a fresh genre that combines mainstream cinema (Bollywood) with art films. It is an amalgamation of the two, giving people a subtle taste of what an art film might be like; but at the same time, not losing its pace and theatrical effects to entertain people.  Critics have remarked that bringing such art films into India might slowly “mature” the taste of the common man today, or at least serves as a good effort marching towards the same. Either way, it is possible that art film enthusiasts, who are currently confined to multiplexes in cities, will steadily grow in number. It has to some level has done that too.  To some extent, it has already done that.

Impact of Theatre

In the closing decades of the 20th century, performing arts critics became increasingly despondent about the longevity of these art forms. Many believed that the performing arts would gradually become obsolete, thanks to the rise of the TV and also of the early Internet. The critics stated that the arts would become as relevant to 21st-century society as string quartets were to their own time, and believed that gradually, the performing arts world would become unfashionable and little used by society. Despite these prophecies of doom, performing arts have not diminished as expected, and instead, are continuing to attract new talent and expertise. There are several reasons why the performing arts are still essential to modern society.

It builds creativity. Above all else, the performing arts are about being creative. Without a creative voice, society may become all but dead inside, and a social group without any creativity is likely to be repressive and tyrannical rather than a force for good. The importance of having people in society who can express themselves creatively is without a doubt. Biologists have argued that the formation of creativity was the most important step in human development and that society cannot move forward without creative people. Most social groups have some kind of performing arts courses, whether that is learning how to perform traditional dance, or speaking Shakespeare in Stratford-upon-Avon. What is vital is that performing arts continue to be nurtured and encouraged.

Helps in self-discovery and expression. From the very beginnings of the performing arts colleges in London and Paris, the importance of self-expression to artists was emphasized. The theatre, dance and other performing arts can teach people how to express themselves effectively, and can also be a tool through which people with disabilities can communicate. Many performing arts students suffer from shyness when they start attending classes and gradually become more confident as they find ways to communicate. In addition to teaching self-expression, the performing arts help society as a whole in self-knowledge and understanding. Theatre and the performing arts teach society about itself, hoping to point out the attitudes and mindsets of current society. It can be a tool used to educate people about their current conditions. 

To conclude up, in the age of streaming many of us are wondering that cinema is under attack by Netflix, honestly, in my view, it is not. Netflix is the substitute for the TV but not the cinema. On a positive side, it has given more opportunities for the makers and actors to come up quality work in a longer time frame. Whereas, it will never be able to give the feel of watching our favorites on a bigger screen 70mm in a theatre with popcorn in our hand.